May 10, 2014. Demat, hello, bonjour,

Cet article pour présenter le personnage de bande dessinée, Bécassine.

This article to present Becassine, heroine of French bande dessinée.


Plan de l'article:

1) Bécassine en Breton selon Vallée: kefeleg-lann

2) Personnage

3) Photographies diverses

4) Quelques bandes dessinées

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1) Bécassine en Breton selon Vallée: kefeleg-lann

PICT7261

 

PICT7262

 

PICT7263

Bécasse et bécassine (plus petite), chassées en Brière, Loire-Atlantique (collection privée Jean MOYON, photo autorisée en avril 2014):

PICT7107

 

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2) Personnage:

Bécassine is a comic strip and the name of its heroine, appearing for the first time in the first issue of La Semaine de Suzette on February 2, 1905. She is considered the first female protagonist in the history of comics

The character Bécassine is a young Breton housemaid, usually depicted wearing a green dress pastiching traditional Breton peasant costume, with lace coiffe and clogs. She is said to come from Finistère, the area most associated with traditional Breton culture. However, her clothing has non-Breton elements, reminiscent of the local costume of Picardy. She is usually portrayed without a mouth.

Seen as a stereotype and remnant of the contempt with which the Bretons were long seen, she is the typical provincial girl as seen by the more refined city people of Paris, the target audience of the young girls' magazine La Semaine de Suzette. But over the course of the stories, and coupled with the success she has, she is depicted more and more favourably. "Bécassine" is a nickname, derived from the French word for a number of birds of the family of the snipe, which is also used as a way of saying "fool" in French.

History:

Initially made as filler for a blank page, the story, written by Jacqueline Rivière and drawn by Joseph Pinchon was such a success that new pages regularly appeared, still in the guise of page fillers.

Only in 1913 did Bécassine become the heroine of more structured stories. Still drawn by Pinchon, the stories were then written by Caumery (pseudonym of Maurice Languereau), one of the associates of Gautier-Languereau, the publisher of La Semaine de Suzette. At that time, the character's real name was revealed to be Annaïck Labornez, her nickname coming from her home village, called Clocher-les-Bécasses.

Between 1913 and 1950, 27 volumes of the adventures of Bécassine appeared. Pinchon drew 25 of them, and Edouard Zier the other two. All 27 were credited as being written by "Caumery", but after Languereau's death in 1941, the pseudonym was used by others.

After Pinchon's death in 1953, the series continued with other artists, most notably Jean Trubert beginning in 1959.

With a first appearance three years before Les pieds Nickelés, Bécassine is considered the birth of the modern bande dessinée, the Franco-Belgian comic. It marks the transition between the illustrated histories and the true bande dessinée. Its style of drawing, with lively, modern, rounded lines, would inspire the ligne claire style which Hergé 25 years later would popularise in The adventure of Tintin.

After a decline in popularity, Bécassine regained prominence due to the hit single "Bécassine, c'est ma cousine" ("Bécassine, she's my cousin") by Chantal Goya, which sold over three million copies in 1979. It has been replied to by the Breton guitarist Dan ar Braz with the song "Bécassine, ce n'est pas ma cousine" ("Bécassine, she's not my cousin").

The popular television show Le Bébête Show, a kind of Spitting Image, showed far right politician Jean-Marie Le Pen in the guise of the puppet "Pencassine".

In April 2005, the French Post issued a stamp depicting Bécassine for her centenary. In contemporary Brittany she remains a familiar figure, with Bécassine dolls and ornaments available in tourist shops.

Bécassine was made into a film in 1939, directed by Pierre Caron with a story by Jean Nohain and René Pujol, and starring Paulette Dubost as Bécassine.

An animated film, Bécassine, le trésor viking (Becassine and the Viking Treasure) was made in 2001.

Bibliography:

Anne Martin-Fugier, La Place des bonnes : la domesticité féminine à Paris en 1900, Grasset, 1979 (reprinted 1985, 1998, 2004).

Bernard Lehambre, Bécassine, une légende du siècle, Gautier-Languereau/Hachette Jeunesse, 2005.

Yves-Marie Labé, « Bécassine débarque », in Le Monde, August 28, 2005.

Yann Le Meur, « Bécassine, le racisme ordinaire du bien-pensant », in Hopla, #21 (November 2005- February 2006).

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3) Photographies diverses:

1928 bécassine arpette

Sexy Bécassine:

Becassexine

Sexy cross stitch:

Point de croix sexy

Lampe en bois sculpté, wooden carved lamp:

Lampe sculptée en bois

 

Le Pen, French politician, as Bécassine:

Pen Becassine

French stamp, april 2005:

becassine-timbre-anniversaire

Bécassine en point de croix, cross stitch:

Point de croix

Discography, Chantal GOYA, 1979:

Becassine is my cousine

Filmography, 1939:

French Becassine film poster 1939

Filmography, 2001:

Le trésor vikingt

Porte-clé, Keychain:

Porte-clés émaillé

Sous bock, beer mat:

Sous bocks

Toupie, top:

Toupie

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4) Quelques bandes dessinées:

Semaine de Suzette 1926:

La semaine se suzette album 1926

Semaine de Suzette du 4 février 1937:

Le semaine se suzette 4 février 1937

Bécassine, les albums:

Bécassine à clocher les bécasses

 

Bécassine alpiniste

 

Bécassine dans la neige

 

Bécassine fait du ski

 

noël de bécassine